National History Museum in Hanoi - Ha Noi Free Private Tour Guide
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National History Museum in Hanoi

national history museum in hanoi

The National History Museum in Hanoi is a must-visit destination for anyone interested in exploring Vietnam’s rich cultural heritage. Located in the heart of the city, the museum houses a vast collection of artifacts and exhibits that span the country’s long and fascinating history. In this article, we’ll provide an overview of what to expect when visiting this monument in Hanoi.

History of the Museum

The National History Museum was established in 1958, with the aim of preserving and showcasing Vietnam’s cultural and historical treasures. The museum is housed in a beautiful French colonial building that was originally built in the early 20th century as the École française d’Extrême-Orient (French School of the Far East).

The museum’s collection includes over 200,000 objects that cover a period of more than 10,000 years of Vietnamese history. The exhibits are arranged chronologically, starting with prehistoric times and moving through the various dynasties, the French colonial period, and the modern era.

What to See and Do

Visitors to the Museum can expect to see a wide variety of artifacts and exhibits that offer insights into Vietnam’s rich cultural heritage. Some of the museum’s most notable exhibits include:

  • Prehistoric artifacts, including stone tools and pottery
  • Items from the Dong Son culture, one of Vietnam’s earliest civilizations
  • Artifacts from the various dynasties that have ruled Vietnam over the centuries
  • Displays on the French colonial period and the struggle for independence
  • Exhibits on modern Vietnam, including its economic and political development

In addition to the exhibits, it also has a library and a conservation lab where visitors can learn about the work being done to preserve Vietnam’s cultural heritage.

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Tips for Visiting the National History Museum

To make the most of your visit to the National History Museum in Hanoi, here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • Plan ahead: The museum is closed on Mondays and some holidays, so be sure to check the opening hours before you go.
  • Dress appropriately: The museum is a place of cultural significance, so visitors are asked to dress modestly and respectfully.
  • Take your time: The museum is large and there is a lot to see, so plan to spend at least a few hours exploring the exhibits.
  • Hire a guide: A knowledgeable guide can provide insights into the exhibits and help visitors understand the significance of the objects on display.


The National History Museum in Hanoi has a very reasonable entrance fee for visitors. The current fee for adults is 40,000 VND (about $1.70 USD) per person, while the fee for children and students is only 20,000 VND (about $0.85 USD) per person. Visitors can purchase their tickets at the museum entrance. However, it’s worth noting that some exhibits may have an additional fee for photography, so visitors should check with museum staff before taking photos or videos.

Why Visit the National History Museum

The Museum is a treasure trove of cultural and historical artifacts that offer insights into Vietnam’s rich heritage. For visitors who are interested in learning more about the country’s past and present, the museum is a must-visit destination. Whether you are a history buff or simply interested in exploring a different culture, the National History Museum in Hanoi is sure to be a highlight of your trip.


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